Coughlin, Jeanne Halladay. "Women and Globalization." Rise of Women Entrepreneurs: People, Processes, and Global Trends. Quorum, 2002. 21-40.
This article presents very thorough statistical data concerning the economic state of women throughout the world as a result of globalization processes. For the most part, globalization is presented as an oppressive force for women, especially in developing nations. The author highlights key reasons for the perpetuation of women's poverty, including the underrepresentation of women in government and global trade, the "feminization of poverty," the undervaluing of domestic duties, lack of education, and violence against women. Women are revealed to work long sixteen hour days without receiving pay or credit while they are continually excluded from receiving an education, denied health benefits, and prohibited from decision making power. Women's essentialized feminine roles remains a common theme in feminist discourse throughout both developed and developing nations. The ideas presented in this article are useful for drawing connections between women's lack of access to economic stability, workplace opportunity, promoted health, political and economic power, education, and value within society at any scale or in virtually any cultural/national context. -B.G.